All About Wisdom Teeth Removal
As your wisdom teeth come through, they can cause aches, pains and a variety of associated effects on the surrounding teeth which may require their removal.
If your wisdom teeth position themselves in a correct position and there is adequate room within your mouth, there may only be small discomforts as they begin to protrude and eventually erupt. A common issue with many people is when there is insufficient space along the jaw line for the wisdom teeth to completely erupt. This will generally cause the tooth to grow at an angle, pressing up against the molar in front of it causing the wisdom tooth to be ‘impacted’. Wisdom teeth are the third molars that grow in as the last of your adult teeth, although not everyone will experience this. Some wisdom teeth may also grow in with no problems.
Common issues such as impacted teeth and decay may require the surgical removal of these molars. Wisdom teeth extraction involves the removal of these third molars from your mouth by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dentist, in order to protect the remaining teeth from any potential damage.
Main reasons for wisdom teeth removal
A dentist may recommend the procedure of wisdom teeth removal when the teeth have become impacted, which occurs when the jaw lacks sufficient space for the third molars to grow correctly.
As the wisdom tooth is pressed against the next molar, it doesn’t have the space it requires to erupt normally within the mouth, which can lead to it becoming trapped under the bone and gum (unerupted) or partially visible above the gum line (partially erupted).
Impacted wisdom teeth are more difficult to adequately care for and clean, and they are also more likely to become infected or decayed, which can cause problems for your other teeth and complete oral hygiene.
This is one of the main reasons that wisdom teeth removal is recommended. Dentists may also recommend removing the tooth to prevent any future problems occurring.
If you undergo this procedure, you can expect a local or general anaesthetic to be applied depending on your individual circumstances. The gum tissue over the tooth is opened and any bone obstructing the tooth is removed.
Following this, the tissue connecting the tooth to the bone is separated, and the tooth removed.
After the surgery, stitches may be required to aid the healing process. The recovery period is expected to last for a few days after the procedure, during which time painkillers can be taken.
It’s normal to experience some level of swelling in the days after the extraction.