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Family & Children’s Dentistry

Introduction

General dentistry involves the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of a wide variety of conditions, disorders and diseases affecting the teeth, gums and jaws.

Complete Dental Examination and Diagnosis: An oral examination is a complete visual inspection of your mouth (oral cavity), sometimes X-rays may be necessary to help know the condition of your teeth, gums, and underlying bone.

General dentistry restorative procedures

Dental Fillings: These are used to repair damage to the structure of teeth. Damage can be caused as a result of tooth decay, dental injuries or trauma. The tooth is restored with several filling materials. These include amalgam, dental cements, composite and gold. These fillings help to restore the function and integrity of missing teeth.

Dental Crowns: A crown is a tooth shaped cap placed over the tooth’s surface, to help improve its appearance. A dental crown can assist in repairing extensively decayed or damaged teeth. A crown may be created from a variety of metals, such as gold or silver, porcelain or combination of porcelain and metal. The damage to the teeth should be repaired by using crowns. Crowns can assist in restoring the size of shortened teeth, a patient’s bite, and to help eliminate sensitivity of teeth.

Composite Bonding: Is when a plastic material or resin material is applied/bonded to the tooth using a special kind of light. The materials come in a variety of shades, toughness and translucencies which try to match the teeth as best as possible. It can be used to fill cavities, eliminate spots, chips or discolouration.

Dental Bridges (Fixed Bridge): A fixed bridge is an appliance made of porcelain to replace missing teeth in a more natural way than partial dentures. It is used to replace one or more missing teeth, thereby bridging the space between the teeth. Fixed bridges are cemented into place next to the surrounding teeth on either side of the space. Fixed bridges cannot be taken out of the mouth by the patient.

Dentures: Are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth .These are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. They are usually made from an acrylic base, which is fitted with porcelain artificial teeth. Dentures can be complete or partial. Complete dentures cover entire upper and lower jaw. Partial dentures replace one or few teeth.

Gum Disease Treatment: This is the more common name for Periodontal Disease. Gum Disease treatment can involve a thorough professional dental clean (by a dental hygienist) who will use ultrasonic scaling instruments. If you follow a regular oral hygiene routine, and use an antiseptic mouthwash you can help keep your gum disease in check in between professional treatment. In the most severe cases, some patients may need to undergo gum surgery.

Root Canal Treatment: Root canal is the space within the root of the tooth. If the pulp layer of the tooth is infected, then root canal treatment will most likely be needed. The decayed pulp is removed and the space is filled with a special paste, and the tooth is capped with a dental crown. Root canal treatment is needed when the blood supply or nerve supply of the tooth is infected through decay or injury. It is done to prevent the formation of abscess and eventual spreading of the infection to the surrounding tissues.

Paedodontics (Children’s Dentistry)

Paedodontics is the branch of dentistry which specialises in the prevention, diagnoses and treatment of dental conditions in children from infancy to adolescence.

Other Treatments List